Endemic species inside the Campanet Caves

When the steps into the cave were being excavated many fossils of Myotragus balearicus, a vertebrate endemic to the islands of Mallorca and Menorca in the Plio-Pleistocene age, were found.

These remains formed part of a 1.4 m.-wide reddish breccia sandwiched between two stalagmite layers.

Skeleton of Myotragus balearicus

Myotragus balearicus was the most highly-evolved species of a genus of small bovidae which colonized the Balearic Islands over 5 million years ago while the Mediterranean basin was desiccated during the Messinian age.

Skull of Myotragus balearicus

Myotragus balearicus was hunted to extinction after man arrived in the islands about 4,000 years ago.

Specimen of
Chthonius (Chthonius) campaneti

An arthropod endemic to Mallorca, discovered and described for Science in very recent times (2013). This is a cave pseudoscorpion which so far has been collected solely in the Campanet Caves.